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Various Roles and Responsibilities in a Scrum Team

Various Roles And Responsibilities In A Scrum Team, Project Management Blog
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Agile is based on the four primary goals which are simple but requires a ton of coordination and management for its successful execution. It has gained immense popularity for its ability to deliver projects effectively. It is also the most widely adopted project management methodology for its ability to quickly adapt to changing business requirements.  At the core of every successful scrum project there is a well-structured team who has specific roles and responsibilities.

In this blog we will dive deep into the various roles within the scrum team and understand how they collaborate to drive projects to a success.


The Scrum Team

Agile Team Roles Responsibilities, Project Management Blog


A scrum team is a self-organizing and cross-functional group who work together to deliver projects in an incremental manner. It typically consists of three core roles:

  1. The Product Owner
  2. The Scrum Master
  3. The Development Team

1. Product Owner

Product Owner Roles Responsibilities, Project Management Blog


The Product Owner is the voice of the customer and stakeholders. It is a crucial role responsible for representing the interests of stakeholders and ensuring that the development team delivers a valuable product that meets user needs and business goals.

The Product Owner’s primary roles and responsibilities include:

  1. Defining and Prioritizing User Stories: The product owner creates and maintains the Product Backlog, detailing what the product needs and prioritizing features based on user and business needs.
  2. Ensuring Clear Acceptance Criteria: The product owner works closely with the team to define clear acceptance criteria for each user story, ensuring that the team understands what “done” means.
  3. Decision Making: He has the authority to make decisions about the product, including what gets released and when. They balance user needs, business goals, and technical feasibility.
  4. Engaging with Stakeholders: They act as a bridge between the development team and stakeholders, such as customers, end-users, and business representatives. They gather feedback, answer questions, and communicate stakeholders’ concerns and requirements to the team.
  5. Managing Scope and Changes: The product owner is responsible for guarding the project scope, making sure that additional features or changes align with the project’s goals and do not negatively impact the timeline or budget. They have the authority to accept or reject changes.

2. Scrum Master

Scrum Master Roles And Responsibilities, Project Management Blog


The Scrum Master (SM) is a servant-leader, it is a key role in the Scrum framework, primarily responsible for promoting and facilitating the use of Scrum practices and principles within a Scrum team.

The Scrum Master’s roles and responsibilities include:

  1. Facilitating Scrum Events: The Scrum Master ensures that all Scrum events (Sprint Planning, Daily Standup, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective) are conducted effectively and that they adhere to time-boxed limits. They guide the team in following the Scrum framework.
  2. Conflict Resolution: He assists in resolving conflicts within the team, helping team members collaborate and work together effectively. They create a safe and constructive environment for open communication.
  3. Coaching and Mentoring: The Scrum Master coaches the team on Scrum principles and practices, helping them understand and apply the framework effectively. They support continuous improvement by offering guidance and feedback.
  4. Communication Facilitator: He ensures that there is transparent communication within the team. They help in effective information exchange, making sure that all team members are well-informed about project progress, issues, and decisions.
  5. Team Empowerment: He encourages and empowers the team to self-organize. They do not direct the team’s work but instead foster an environment where the team takes ownership of its commitments and collaborates effectively.

3. Development Team

Types Of Development Teams, Project Management Blog


The Development Team is a group of professionals who actually do the work to deliver the product. The Development Team is a cross-functional group responsible for designing, developing, testing, and delivering the product increment.

Their primary roles and responsibilities include:

  1. Estimating and Planning: Developers actively participate in Sprint Planning meetings, where they collaborate with the Product Owner to select items from the Product Backlog and estimate the effort required to complete them.
  2. Daily Standup Participation: They attend the Daily Standup (Daily Scrum) meetings to report on their progress, discuss any obstacles, and collaborate with team members to overcome challenges.
  3. Developing and Testing: Developers are responsible for designing and coding the product increment. They work together to create software components and features according to the acceptance criteria and requirements set by the Product Owner.
  4. Ensuring Quality: The Development Team is responsible for testing their work to ensure it meets the defined acceptance criteria. They perform unit testing, integration testing, and other testing activities to maintain product quality.
  5. Avoiding Scope Changes: Developers commit to completing the work agreed upon during Sprint Planning and avoid making changes to the sprint scope. Any changes must be approved by the Product Owner.

Collaboration and Self-Organization

The Scrum team operates on principles of collaboration and self-organization. This means that while each role has distinct responsibilities, they collaborate closely, make collective decisions, and adapt to changing circumstances as a cohesive unit.

Additional Roles

While the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team are the core roles in a Scrum team, there may be additional roles, such as domain experts or specialists, depending on the project’s needs.

However, these additional roles work in collaboration with the core team to achieve the project’s goals.


In conclusion, a well-organized scrum team comprises a Product Owner, Scrum Master, and Development Team, each with unique roles and responsibilities.

Together, they work collaboratively, self-organize, and adhere to Scrum principles to deliver valuable product increments and adapt to changing requirements effectively.

This structured approach to roles and responsibilities is the foundation of successful Scrum projects.

To effectively execute the various roles and responsibilities teams need an agile project management software like Orangescrum. It enables teams of all departments to communicate and collaborate effectively in a single platform.

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