Simple Project Management Software for IT & Marketing Teams

All-in-one simplified online workplace for collaboration and delivering client success with agility

Go for Project Management Tool to boost your team performance!!
Use coupon code: NEWYEAR2023 on or before 20th Jan 23×

Understanding 3 Most Important Agile Project Artifacts

OS Blog Banner, Project Management Blog
Spread the love

At the core of Scrum lies several essential artifacts that serve as building blocks for successful development. Among these artifacts, the Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment stand out as pivotal elements that help teams plan, execute, and deliver valuable product increments.

In this blog, we will delve into these Scrum artifacts to understand their roles and how they contribute to the Scrum framework’s success.

Project Artifacts, Project Management Blog



The Product Backlog

The Product Backlog is the initial and arguably the most crucial artifact in Scrum.

It serves as a dynamic and prioritized list of all the work that needs to be done for a product.

It encompasses features, enhancements, bug fixes, and any other tasks that contribute to the product’s development.

Key Characteristics:

  • Dynamic: The Product Backlog is continually evolving. New items are added, existing ones are refined, and priorities change as the product’s requirements and the market evolve.
  • Prioritized: The backlog items are ranked by their importance and value to the product and its users. This prioritization is typically driven by the Product Owner in close collaboration with product managers and stakeholders.
  • User-Centric: Each item in the Product Backlog should provide value to the end-users or customers. The focus is on delivering functionality that matters most to them.
  • Detailed When Necessary: While the top items should be well-defined, lower-priority items may have less detail. This allows flexibility and adaptation as more is learned about the product and its users.

The Sprint Backlog

Sprint Backlog, Project Management Blog


Once the highest-priority items from the Product Backlog are selected for a sprint, they are moved into the Sprint Backlog.

The Sprint Backlog is a short-term, tactical plan for the upcoming sprint, typically covering a timeframe of two to four weeks.

Key Characteristics:

  • Concrete: The items in the Sprint Backlog are granular and well-understood. They should be small enough to be completed within the sprint.
  • Selected by the Development Team: Unlike the Product Backlog, which is prioritized by the Product Owner, the Development Team selects items from the Product Backlog based on their capacity and understanding of the work.
  • Fixed for the Duration of the Sprint: Once items are in the Sprint Backlog, they are not changed during the sprint, allowing the team to focus and complete the work without disruption.
  • Owned by the Development Team: The Development Team commits to delivering the items in the Sprint Backlog. They have the autonomy to determine how to complete the work.

The Increment

Nov20 ScrumArtifacts, Project Management Blog


The Increment is the tangible result of the sprint, a potentially shippable product that is improved and expanded sprint after sprint. Each sprint’s Increment is added to the previous ones, cumulatively building a more valuable product over time.

Key Characteristics:

  • Potentially Shippable: At the end of every sprint, the Increment should be in a state where it could be potentially released to users if the Product Owner decides to do so.
  • Integrated and Tested: The Increment is not a collection of individual features; it is a cohesive, integrated product with all its parts working together. It is thoroughly tested to ensure its quality.
  • Incremental Value: Each Increment should deliver value to users and stakeholders, even if it’s not the full product. This incremental delivery allows for feedback and adaptation as the product evolves.

In conclusion, the scrum artifacts of the product backlog, sprint backlog, and Increment are essential elements that enable teams to collaborate effectively, deliver value incrementally, and adapt to changing requirements.

These artifacts serve as the backbone of Scrum, supporting teams in their journey to develop high-quality products that meet user needs and market demands.

Understanding and effectively utilizing these artifacts is key to harnessing the full potential of the Scrum framework.

To manage the creation and collaboration of these artifacts you need a project management software like Orangescrum. It enables you to easily create product backlog, sprint backlog, generate insights and metrics, save and share planning reports in a single platform.

Your recently viewed posts:

What 's Orangescrum?

Get latest and more exciting information on what’s going on with Orangescrum right into your inbox.

Try Orangescrum for free today!

Manage remote teams, Save time, Meet deadlines, and deliver within budget with Orangescrum.

Join 5000k+ marketers and leaders

Before you go, subscribe to our blog to get the latest updates on project management help tips content, product new updates & releases, pricing & offers, and many more...

Not using yet?